1.

(First two images above: Lunge; Last two images above: Terza guard)

Ridolfo Capo Ferro is a fencing master in the 17th century. His fighting mannuals exclusively shown the art of rapier fencing which provided very detailed concepts and explannations of each form and technique. In his era, rapier has been well developed from cut & thrust swords and it became the primary weapon for unarmored civilians.

Lunges are primary thrusting attacks for cutting and thrusting weapons like rapiers. Lunges are very effective attacks since it maximizes the reach of the swordsman and it has been kept till now in modern Olympic fencings.

Terza guard means "the third guard" in Italian. It's very versatile that the swordsman can easily transit to the second or the fourth guard from it which could very well protect his or her outside and inside. This is also a guard that has been kept till now in modern fencing.

Digital Medium
3d Rendering

Master Ridolfo Capo Ferro

ridolfo_capoferro_lunge_render1
ridolfo_capoferro_lunge
ridolfo_capoferro_terza_guard_render2
ridolfo_capoferro_terza_guard

2.

Got inspiration from swept helt designs. Lotus rapier features a complex guard which provides as much protection as conventional swept hilt designs.
Also, it's easy to implement traditional rapier fencing systems using this sword including Ridolfo Capo Ferro's system.

Guard Type: Complex (arms+side rings+swept hilt guard)
Blade Length: 43" (109cm)
Blade Geometry: Lenticular with single fuller
Point of Balance: About 2" (5.08cm) from guard
1st Center of Precussion: About 1/5 away from blade tip

Lotus Rapier

lotus_rapier_render1
lotus_rapier_render1
lotus_rapier_render1

3.

(Left: longsword Day/high guard;
Right: longsword Fool guard)

Joachim Meyer is a fencing master in the 16th century. His manuscripts covered a very broad range of weapons including Longsword, Dussack (training weapons for millitary sabres), Grappling, Rondol Dagger, Rapier, and even pole arms like Quarterstaff, Spear, and Helberd. His drawings are all quite detailed and fairly accurate in terms of human anatomy compared to earlier masters like Johannes Lietchtenauer.

In the era of Meyer, Longswords were no longer widely used in battlefields or in civilian combats. However, masters like Meyer still kept developing the art of longsword fighting from the German system. Meyer's longword system is very cutting-centric which ignores the thrusting capability in many situations. Even Meyer himself wrote “For since thrusting with the sword is abolished among us Germans, this guard has also entirely fallen into disuse and been lost; however these days the Italians and other nations use it.” It also suggests the differences in fencing styles between Meyer and other Italian masters like Fiore Dei Liberi.

Longsword Day (high) guard was always been depicted as the most important guard position by many fencing masters following the German heritage. Diagonal downward cuts from high guards could be very easily performed and they are always very powerful. It's also a good position for defending attacks from every positions.

Fool guard is not considered as an aggressive guard since no offensive strikes could be made directly from this guard while a parry could easily be performed from it. Its name suggests that it invites the opponent to strike him without thinking about any counter strokes thus fall from his or her simple mind.

Digital Medium
3d Renderings

Master Joachim Meyer 1

joachim_meyer_high_guard_fool_guard
joachim_meyer_high_guard_fool_guard

4.

(Left: longsword Ox guard;
Right: longsword Plow guard)

Another interpretation of longsword guards from Joachim Meyer.

The left people in the images is performing the Ox guard, a very famous longsword hanging guard that would defend you from all high cuts. It's also a famous position for counterattacking with a cut or a thrust in one tempo.

The Plow guard, performed by the right side people in the images above, is a very versatile guard that could be easily transfered to other higher or lower guards while threatening your opponent with a thrust in his or her face from low. Also, it doesn't require much struggle to maintain for a long period of time. It can be considered as a middle guard.

Digital Medium
3d Renderings

Master Joachim Meyer 2

joachim_meyer_ox_guard_plow_guard
joachim_meyer_ox_guard_plow_guard

5.

Longswords are famous side arms of medieval knights. They were viewed as a symbol of social status as well as power and many longswords were very carefully crafted in the history. Overall, longswords were not the most effective weapon for unarmored self-defense. Since wielding longswords need two hands, there's no option to carry a defense weapon like a shield in the off-hand thus making the wielder vulnerable in many situations. Besides, longswords have quite primitive guards which don't provide as much protection as other complex guards appeared later on. Longswords and arming swords were replaced by sideswords and rapiers in roughly the late 16th century.

Contrary to many people's belief, longswords are very nimble weapons that can be wielded very easily. It's also very easy to generate a lot of power and speed. Some of the longswords were even designed to be wielded both two-handedly and single-handedly. Typically, a well-designed longsword won't exceed 1.5kg with a point of balance around 10cm from the guard.

This longsword that I designed features a combination of a Type XIII cutting-centric blade with a Type XX handle, perfect for fighting in a German system.

Guard Type: Quillon (cross guard)
Blade Length: 43" (109cm)
Blade Geometry: Lenticular with single fuller

Cutting-Centric Longsword

cutting_centric_longsword1
cutting_centric_longsword1

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